Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

Please discuss why literature reviews are important, what might be missing, ways

Please discuss why literature reviews are important, what might be missing, ways that they fit into your work.
Cite at least one source from the paper  support your answer.

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

SELECT A SPECIFIC TECHNOMORAL DILEMMA — A MORAL PROBLEM UNIQUE TO THE 21ST CENT

SELECT A SPECIFIC TECHNOMORAL DILEMMA — A MORAL PROBLEM UNIQUE TO THE 21ST CENTURY AND ITS EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES. [It may be helpful to select an issue from chapters 7-9 of Vallor’s book Technology and the Virtues, or from the many examples presented in Coeckelbergh’s book AI Ethics, but you are free to select whichever specific technomoral problem you choose.]
As an essay answering the following:
Is Shannon Vallor’s 21st century approach to a virtue based moral theory sufficient to solve or navigate this specific technomoral dilemma?
Would a consequentialist (ex. utilitarian) or other non-consequentialist (ex. deontological) moral theory be more useful? Why / why not?
______________
•    In your introductory paragraph clearly formulate a strong thesis statement – a concise declarative sentence that serves as the conclusion to the argument your paper is about to present.
•    The body of your paper should serve as plausible support for the conclusion you have drawn with your thesis statement. Remember, while you are arguing for YOUR position, you are not simply using your own anecdotal evidence
•   
o    Clearly articulate a concise definition / understanding of the emerging technology relevant to your thesis statement. [Note: while you are articulating your own position, make sure you identify the origins of technical terms used, and directly reference / cite the relevant sources that support your understanding.]
o    Provide specific, cited examples of the current capacities and abilities of the emerging technology with which your paper is engaging.
o    Articulate the specific moral problem, or problems, that have already arisen, or may at a future point arise, from this emerging technology.
•   
o    Do you agree / disagree with Vallor’s claim that to be moral is not about the direct consequences of our actions, or acting according to duty, but rather about the cultivation of a “good character” based on acting according to the twelve technomoral virtues?
    If yes, why? If no, why not?
    Clearly juxtapose at least one other normative MORAL THEORY against Vallor’s technomoral virtue theory. [Note: Be sure to use Shafer-Landau’s book A Concise Introduction to Ethics as at least one of your sources.]
o    How would Vallor’s idea of a virtuous person act in regards to the specific technomoral dilemma your paper is exploring?
o    Would acting according to the twelve technomoral virtues solve, or at least allow us to navigate, this technomoral problem?
•   
o    Provide both quotations and citations from appropriate sources to support ALL of your claims. [Note you are free to bring in whatever outside sources you choose. But do your due diligence to make sure all of the sources you cite are reliable — remember the study from MIT how false / sensational information travels faster and farther via the internet than trustworthy information.]
o    Clearly explain or define any technical terms you use. [ex. “technomoral,” “virtue”, “virtuous person,” “categorical imperative,” “utilitarian,” “utility,” “robot,” “weak AI,” “panopticism,” “existential risk,” etc].
•    Your concluding paragraph should not introduce any new information. It should reassert your thesis statement as the conclusion to your argument in light of the evidence your paper has provided.
______________
PROOFREAD YOUR PAPER!!!
______________
FORMATTING REQUIREMENTS:
•    Papers must be 12-15 pages, typed, double spaced, 1” margins, 12pt Times New Roman font.
•    A cover page is not required, but if you include one, it does not count towards the total page requirement.
•    All quotations must be cited – either in footnotes, endnotes, or within the text in parentheses. There is no specific citation format required — MLA, APA, Chicago, etc — just be consistent.
•    Your paper will be graded on 1) clarity, 2) organization, and 3) quality of argument.
•    Carefully follow the instructions on the prompt.

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

SELECT A SPECIFIC TECHNOMORAL DILEMMA — A MORAL PROBLEM UNIQUE TO THE 21ST CENT

SELECT A SPECIFIC TECHNOMORAL DILEMMA — A MORAL PROBLEM UNIQUE TO THE 21ST CENTURY AND ITS EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES. [It may be helpful to select an issue from chapters 7-9 of Vallor’s book Technology and the Virtues, or from the many examples presented in Coeckelbergh’s book AI Ethics, but you are free to select whichever specific technomoral problem you choose.]
As an essay answering the following:
Is Shannon Vallor’s 21st century approach to a virtue based moral theory sufficient to solve or navigate this specific technomoral dilemma?
Would a consequentialist (ex. utilitarian) or other non-consequentialist (ex. deontological) moral theory be more useful? Why / why not?
________________________________________
•    In your introductory paragraph clearly formulate a strong thesis statement – a concise declarative sentence that serves as the conclusion to the argument your paper is about to present.
•    The body of your paper should serve as plausible support for the conclusion you have drawn with your thesis statement. Remember, while you are arguing for YOUR position, you are not simply using your own anecdotal evidence
•   
o    Clearly articulate a concise definition / understanding of the emerging technology relevant to your thesis statement. [Note: while you are articulating your own position, make sure you identify the origins of technical terms used, and directly reference / cite the relevant sources that support your understanding.]
o    Provide specific, cited examples of the current capacities and abilities of the emerging technology with which your paper is engaging.
o    Articulate the specific moral problem, or problems, that have already arisen, or may at a future point arise, from this emerging technology.
•   
o    Do you agree / disagree with Vallor’s claim that to be moral is not about the direct consequences of our actions, or acting according to duty, but rather about the cultivation of a “good character” based on acting according to the twelve technomoral virtues?
    If yes, why? If no, why not?
    Clearly juxtapose at least one other normative MORAL THEORY against Vallor’s technomoral virtue theory. [Note: Be sure to use Shafer-Landau’s book A Concise Introduction to Ethics as at least one of your sources.]
o    How would Vallor’s idea of a virtuous person act in regards to the specific technomoral dilemma your paper is exploring?
o    Would acting according to the twelve technomoral virtues solve, or at least allow us to navigate, this technomoral problem?
•   
o    Provide both quotations and citations from appropriate sources to support ALL of your claims. [Note you are free to bring in whatever outside sources you choose. But do your due diligence to make sure all of the sources you cite are reliable — remember the study from MIT how false / sensational information travels faster and farther via the internet than trustworthy information.]
o    Clearly explain or define any technical terms you use. [ex. “technomoral,” “virtue”, “virtuous person,” “categorical imperative,” “utilitarian,” “utility,” “robot,” “weak AI,” “panopticism,” “existential risk,” etc].
•    Your concluding paragraph should not introduce any new information. It should reassert your thesis statement as the conclusion to your argument in light of the evidence your paper has provided.
________________________________________
PROOFREAD YOUR PAPER!!!
________________________________________
FORMATTING REQUIREMENTS:
•    Papers must be 12-15 pages, typed, double spaced, 1” margins, 12pt Times New Roman font.
•    A cover page is not required, but if you include one, it does not count towards the total page requirement.
•    All quotations must be cited – either in footnotes, endnotes, or within the text in parentheses. There is no specific citation format required — MLA, APA, Chicago, etc — just be consistent.
•    Your paper will be graded on 1) clarity, 2) organization, and 3) quality of argument.
•    Carefully follow the instructions on the prompt.

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

SELECT A SPECIFIC TECHNOMORAL DILEMMA — A MORAL PROBLEM UNIQUE TO THE 21ST CENT

SELECT A SPECIFIC TECHNOMORAL DILEMMA — A MORAL PROBLEM UNIQUE TO THE 21ST CENTURY AND ITS EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES. [It may be helpful to select an issue from chapters 7-9 of Vallor’s book Technology and the Virtues, or from the many examples presented in Coeckelbergh’s book AI Ethics, but you are free to select whichever specific technomoral problem you choose.]
As an essay answering the following:
Is Shannon Vallor’s 21st century approach to a virtue based moral theory sufficient to solve or navigate this specific technomoral dilemma?
Would a consequentialist (ex. utilitarian) or other non-consequentialist (ex. deontological) moral theory be more useful? Why / why not?
________________________________________
•    In your introductory paragraph clearly formulate a strong thesis statement – a concise declarative sentence that serves as the conclusion to the argument your paper is about to present.
•    The body of your paper should serve as plausible support for the conclusion you have drawn with your thesis statement. Remember, while you are arguing for YOUR position, you are not simply using your own anecdotal evidence
•   
o    Clearly articulate a concise definition / understanding of the emerging technology relevant to your thesis statement. [Note: while you are articulating your own position, make sure you identify the origins of technical terms used, and directly reference / cite the relevant sources that support your understanding.]
o    Provide specific, cited examples of the current capacities and abilities of the emerging technology with which your paper is engaging.
o    Articulate the specific moral problem, or problems, that have already arisen, or may at a future point arise, from this emerging technology.
•   
o    Do you agree / disagree with Vallor’s claim that to be moral is not about the direct consequences of our actions, or acting according to duty, but rather about the cultivation of a “good character” based on acting according to the twelve technomoral virtues?
    If yes, why? If no, why not?
    Clearly juxtapose at least one other normative MORAL THEORY against Vallor’s technomoral virtue theory. [Note: Be sure to use Shafer-Landau’s book A Concise Introduction to Ethics as at least one of your sources.]
o    How would Vallor’s idea of a virtuous person act in regards to the specific technomoral dilemma your paper is exploring?
o    Would acting according to the twelve technomoral virtues solve, or at least allow us to navigate, this technomoral problem?
•   
o    Provide both quotations and citations from appropriate sources to support ALL of your claims. [Note you are free to bring in whatever outside sources you choose. But do your due diligence to make sure all of the sources you cite are reliable — remember the study from MIT how false / sensational information travels faster and farther via the internet than trustworthy information.]
o    Clearly explain or define any technical terms you use. [ex. “technomoral,” “virtue”, “virtuous person,” “categorical imperative,” “utilitarian,” “utility,” “robot,” “weak AI,” “panopticism,” “existential risk,” etc].
•    Your concluding paragraph should not introduce any new information. It should reassert your thesis statement as the conclusion to your argument in light of the evidence your paper has provided.
________________________________________
PROOFREAD YOUR PAPER!!!
________________________________________
FORMATTING REQUIREMENTS:
•    Papers must be 12-15 pages, typed, double spaced, 1” margins, 12pt Times New Roman font.
•    A cover page is not required, but if you include one, it does not count towards the total page requirement.
•    All quotations must be cited – either in footnotes, endnotes, or within the text in parentheses. There is no specific citation format required — MLA, APA, Chicago, etc — just be consistent.
•    Your paper will be graded on 1) clarity, 2) organization, and 3) quality of argument.
•    Carefully follow the instructions on the prompt.

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

In pursuit of that image, many companies have overstated or misrepresented their environmental bona fides. 

Instructions:
All companies want to be perceived as green and not damaging the environment nor contributing to climate change.  In pursuit of that image, many companies have overstated or misrepresented their environmental bona fides.  This is a practice called greenwashing.  Read the linked article below for details.
https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10946-greenwashing.html
Fiji Water
Here is an example of a greenwashed ad.  Why?  Fiji bottled water has a huge carbon footprint shipping water from Fiji to the U.S.  It is quite a stretch to call this product green.
Find your own example of greenwashing and post it.
Explain why you think it constitutes greenwashing.
If you were the CEO, would you have authorized the ad you chose?
Why or why not?

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

Annotation (a detailed reading of the source)

Instructions
First, return to your topic chosen in the week three assignment.
Answer this question: What are the personal and/or communal ethical factors that may be involved in determining the moral position of either side in that debate?
Next, articulate and then evaluate the ethical positions  using Kantian ethics (that is, the categorical imperative) relative to the long standing debate (that is your topic chosen in the week three assignment).
Finally, create a complete annotated bibliography for 5 academic scholarly sources. You will annotate each source. The sources should be relevant to your topic chosen in the week three assignment.
Include the following:
Publication details
Annotation (a detailed reading of the source)
Each annotation section should include the following:
Summarize key points and identify key terms (using quotation marks, and citing a page in parentheses).
Describe the controversies or “problems” raised by the articles.
State whether you agree or disagree and give reasons.
Locate one or two quotations to be used in the final research project.
Evaluate the ways in which this article is important and has helped you focus your understanding.
Use the following as a model:
APA Reference
Mezirow, J. (2003). Transformative learning as discourse. Journal of Transformative Education, 1(1), 58-63.
Annotation Example
In this article, Mezirow (2003) makes a distinction between “instrumental” and “communicative” learning. “Instrumental learning” refers to those processes which measure and gauge learning, such as tests, grades, comments, quizzes, attendance records and the like. “Communicative learning,” on the other hand, refers to understanding created over time between individuals in what Mezirow calls “critical-dialectical-discourse,” (p. 59) which is a fancy way of saying, important conversation between 2 or more speakers. Another key idea Mezirow discusses is “transformative learning,” (p. 61) which changes the mind, the heart, the values and beliefs of people so that they may act better in the world. Mezirow argues that “hungry, desperate, homeless, sick, destitute, and intimidated people obviously cannot participate fully and freely in discourse” (p. 59). On the one hand, he is right: there are some people who cannot fully engage because their crisis is so long and deep, they are prevented. But, I don’t think Mezirow should make the blanket assumption that everyone in unfortunate circumstances is incapable of entering the discourse meaningfully. One thing is certain: if we gave as much attention to the non-instrumental forms of intelligence–like goodness, compassion, forgiveness, wonder, self-motivation, creativity, humor, love, and other non-measured forms of intelligence in our school curriculums, we’d see better people, actors in the world, and interested investigators than we currently have graduating high school.
Writing Requirements (APA format)
Length: 4-7 pages (not including title page or references page)
1-inch margins
Double spaced
12-point Times New Roman font
Title page

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

Length: 4-6 minutes narrated presentation

Option 1: The first option is to name and describe in detail a key specific and recent healthcare technology. What are at least two key moral problems this technology creates? What are the proper moral guidelines for dealing with it in your view? Compare your approach to what a utilitarian and ethical egoist would say (each independently). Consider whether differing ethical beliefs globally might or not agree with what you say.
You will submit the following:
An audiovisual presentation that presents one of the options above. Be sure to give equal time to each element. Doing a PowerPoint presentation with audio recorded on the slides is preferred. Please refer to the Narrated PowerPoint Tutorial located in the Required Resources in this assignment.
Please provide a transcript of anything said in the recording aloud that does not appear as text on a slide. This transcript can be provided as a Word document or placed in the Notes section on the PowerPoint slides.
The link or a scan of the article mentioning any health technology, social technology, or case you are reporting on. If you made up the case, please indicate that in your report. If you choose to do option #3 (the case about a shortage of transplant kidneys), your article would likely be an article about the shortage of transplant organs, or a shortage of people signing up to be transplant donors, or the status of educating people about being donors, etc.
Presentation Requirements
Length: 4-6 minutes narrated presentation
Slide length: 4-6 slides (not including title slide, conclusion slide, or references slide)
Title slide
Conclusion slide
References slide (minimum of 2 scholarly sources cited in APA format; not narrated)

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

There is hardly any regulation of this data ecosystem. 

Instructions:
The advertising industry has undergone a dramatic transformation in the past decade.  In the past, advertisers had to guess where they could reach potential customers on television, radio and print.  Now, much of the advertising budget is spent online where advertisers are able to reach specific individuals who are most likely to buy their advertiser’s product or service.  Through Google they know what you have searched for and deliver ads for that.  Amazon knows what you buy and suggests products based upon that.  Facebook know a great deal about your life through your posts, you friends, your messages as well as any web site you sign in using your Facebook credentials.  By matching email addresses, mobile phone numbers, IP addresses, advertisers can identify who you are and where you live.  Superimposed upon this system is a network of data brokers who buy and sell data from online companies and assemble disparate pieces of data into a profile of individuals that undoubtedly include you.  There is hardly any regulation of this data ecosystem.  For an example, read the linked New York Times articles on data apps and the data they provide and respond to the questions below.
I have uploaded the documents.
Do you find any of these particular practices to be ethically questionable?  What are those practices?
Why do you think these practices are unethical using one of the ethical theories in your toolkit?
Are you surprised or alarmed that so much of your personal data is available in this ecosystem?
Do you think the system ought to be changed to eliminate these practices and, if so, what changes would you suggest?
You must start a thread before you can read and reply to other threads

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

Instructions: You work at a dialysis center where people with impaired kidney fu

Instructions:
You work at a dialysis center where people with impaired kidney function come to use a dialysis machine to clean their blood as would their kidneys if they were working properly.  You are the Facility Administrator in a location of a small chain of dialysis centers founded and run by a group of doctors who treat kidney disease.  You supervise a group of med techs who work with the patients to help them undergo dialysis.  The center is located in a state that has mandated that all healthcare workers be vaccinated against Covid and that covers all of your med techs.  All of them have produced CDC vaccination cards that show they are fully vaccinated.
One of your med techs in particular stands out.  It is Rob Spears who just charms all the patients.  Everyone who comes into the center seems to know him and he is particularly good with the older patients who make up the majority of the center’s customers.  Rob has become very friendly with the center’s Medical Director who is one of the owners of the chain.  Occasionally, they play golf.
One Saturday, while you are grocery shopping, you run into an old friend who used to be a med tech at the center.  She mentions that she attended a party not long ago and saw Rob Spears.  She was going to say hello but stopped to listen to the conversation he was having.  She states that he was bragging about fooling his employer with a fake CDC vaccination card he bought off the internet.  He noted that he would not be forced to be vaccinated by an employer.
You are a little overwhelmed by this information.  Dialysis patients are particularly susceptible to Covid and you are very concerned that an unvaccinated med tech is working so closely with them.  Even so, Rob is popular with the patients, is a great employee otherwise, and has a personal relationship with one of the owners.  No one knows that you are aware of this possible problem.  Should you choose to, you can keep silent, and it is unlikely that anyone will know.  What do you think is the ethical thing to do in this situation and what would you choose to do regardless?